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勞動(dòng)力市場(chǎng)分割、職業(yè)流動(dòng)與城市勞動(dòng)者經(jīng)濟地位獲得的二元路徑模式
吳愈曉
《中國社會(huì )科學(xué)》2011年第1期
2011-01-25
中文摘要:
  使用“2009年中國社會(huì )網(wǎng)絡(luò )與職業(yè)經(jīng)歷調查”廣州、上海、廈門(mén)、濟南和西安5城市數據,檢驗了改革以后影響中國城市勞動(dòng)者職業(yè)流動(dòng)模式以及經(jīng)濟地位獲得的因素。研究結果表明,高學(xué)歷勞動(dòng)者與低學(xué)歷勞動(dòng)者群體處于兩個(gè)分割的勞動(dòng)力市場(chǎng)中,他們的經(jīng)濟地位獲得路徑完全不同。對于低學(xué)歷勞動(dòng)者,職業(yè)流動(dòng)是提升他們收入水平的最重要因素,而人力資本因素(受教育年限和工作經(jīng)驗)對他們的收入沒(méi)有影響。高學(xué)歷勞動(dòng)者的情況剛好相反,職業(yè)流動(dòng)對收入獲得沒(méi)有任何作用,影響他們收入分層的最重要因素是人力資本。本研究揭示了轉型期中國城市地區不同勞動(dòng)力市場(chǎng)勞動(dòng)者經(jīng)濟地位獲得的二元路徑模式。 (《中國社會(huì )科學(xué)》2011年第1期)
英文摘要:
  Using data from the “Survey of Social Networks and Occupational Experience in Chinese Cities in 2009” on five cities (Guangzhou, Shanghai, Xiamen, Jinan and Xian), this paper examines factors influencing Chinese urban workers patterns of job mobility and acquisition of economic status in the postreform era. The results show that workers with more or less education are in different parts of a segmented labor market and have completely different paths to economic status acquisition. For poorly educated workers, job mobility is one of the most important factors in improving their income; human capital variables (years of schooling and work experience) have no effect on income. By contrast, job mobility has no effect on the income of highlyeducated workers, whose income stratification is most affected by human capital. This research reveals the twotrack model of the urban workers acquisition of economic status in different labor markets in transitional China.